‘Cognitive archaeologists’, or ‘coggies’, spend their time trying to work out exactly what ancient people believed in, thought, and how they engaged in their social relations. ‘How did people think?’ looks at how much archaeologists can gleam about the religion and art of ancient people. Cognitive archaeologists believe that they can resurrect ancient thoughts through logic applied to the art and material remains that are reckoned to be associated with religion and ritual. It is difficult to come up with conclusions about what people used to think. Cognitive archaeology makes some valid assessments but it also uses optimism and guess work.