From the mid-1960s to the early 21st century the mainstays of British detective fiction have been Reginald Hill, Colin Dexter, Ruth Rendell, R.D. Wingfield, Ian Rankin, and P.D. James. Their creations have two common features: a tendency to reinforce the legal ordinances and moral codes that are supposed to maintain order in our society and a preoccupation with class that endures as the legacy of the Golden Age. ‘Transitions’ explains that American crime fiction of the same period showed itself more inclined to transgress such precepts, often by shifting the narrative focus away from the investigator's mindset and toward the perpetrator. Patricia Highsmith's The Talented Mr. Ripley (1955) distorts and overturns every convention of crime fiction writing.