There is an infinite amount of suffering in the world and there is a distinctly finite amount of resources to deal with it. How do we decide who gets what? ‘Resource allocation’ considers these dilemmas, which are both moral and political. Resource allocation involves discrimination and the law simply requires that discrimination to be transparent and reasonable. Hospital funding committees have to take decisions about whom to treat and whom to deny. These decisions are often based on value for money, which is measured in Quality Adjusted Life Years. The substantive law is shaped by practical considerations — there simply is not enough funding to treat everyone.