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date: 16 June 2021

5. Internalism and externalismlocked

5. Internalism and externalismlocked

  • Jennifer Nagel


Internalism represents the first-person point of view where knowledge is grounded by your own experience and by your own capacity to reason: if you can't see for yourself why you should believe something, you don't actually know it. Externalists say knowledge is a relationship between a person and a fact, and this relationship can be in place even when the person doesn't meet the internalist's demands for first-person access to supporting grounds. ‘Internalism and externalism’ also explains Robert Nozick's externalist tracking theory of knowledge and its difficulty, the ‘Generality Problem’. Many different solutions have been advanced, drawing on everything from patterns in natural language to the science of belief formation.

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