Feelings provide an impetus to action. Motivations determine the goals towards which we strive and emotions reflect the feelings we have along the way. ‘Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion’ shows the contribution of the study of emotion and motivation to psychoanalysis and cognitive-behavioural therapies. Motivation and emotion both influence and are influenced by the processes of perception, attention, learning, memory, thinking, reasoning, and communication. How do these processes interact with feelings? Emotions organize our activities, but are complex partly because the five components of emotion — physiological, expressive, behavioural, cognitive, and experiential — do not consistently correlate with each other.