Show Summary Details

p. 242. Studying mineralslocked

  • David Vaughan


The study of minerals begins with their characterization, identification, and classification determined from their chemical compositions and crystallographic properties. ‘Studying minerals’ shows that historically this was based on properties observable in hand specimens, but the development of wide-ranging techniques has allowed the study of all aspects of minerals: their structures, chemistries, surface chemistries, and reactivities. Techniques described include transmitted light and reflected light microscopy using thin and polished sections; X-ray crystallography based on Bragg’s Law; techniques using various forms of electromagnetic radiation; and electron microscopes including the transmission electron microscope, scanning electron microscope, scanning tunnelling microscope, and atomic force microscope.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.