Nationalism and racism pervade all aspects of fascist practice, from welfare provision and family policy to diplomacy. ‘Fascism, nation, and race’ explores the relationship between fascism, nationalism, and racism. The most inflexible form of racism holds that race is determined biologically. Hitler himself adhered to all the premises of politicized biological racism. Cultural racism is less extreme in that it allows for ‘assimilation’ by learning the national language or changing one's religion. As part of their campaign for respectability, contemporary fascists deny that they are racist, yet they demand the application of racial principles to immigration and social policy, and favour the departure of those considered racially undesirable.