‘Fascism, women, and gender’ explores fascism's attitude to women. Historic fascists generally argued that women's primary function was domestic and reproductive. Whether in Germany, Italy, or Croatia, they expected women to produce the future citizens, soldiers, and mothers of the race. In Germany, only Aryan women were considered sufficiently ‘evolved’ to be capable of fulfilling the maternal role or of bearing ‘fit’ children. The position of women in contemporary far-right parties is not dissimilar. They promise to respect the advances made by women but they attack feminists, and they advocate policies that would actually remove many gains.