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p. 112. Transmission at different scaleslocked

  • Marta L. Wayne
  •  and Benjamin M. Bolker


The term ‘transmission’ defines infectious disease. Respiratory viruses such as influenza are airborne; diseases such as HIV and hepatitis are transmitted through direct, usually sexual, exchange of bodily fluids; water-borne diseases such as cholera can survive in the environment; and vector-borne pathogens have evolved to use other organisms, especially blood-sucking insects and mites, to travel from one host to another. ‘Transmission at different scales’ considers the filters for encounter and compatibility, mathematical modelling of epidemic dynamics, and the key factors of virulence, resistance, and tolerance.

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