Counselling refers to a confidential relationship between a client and an individual who is trained to listen attentively and who will try and help you to improve things through support and understanding. ‘Counselling’ outlines some recognizable and useful differences between counselling and psychotherapy. Overall, counselling is less formal than psychotherapy, and the relationship between counsellor and client more equal. Most counselling draws on Carl Rogers’ client-centred approach, whose three core conditions for successful counselling and psychotherapy are congruence or genuineness, empathy, and respect. The specific counselling approaches considered here are: existential therapy, transactional analysis, drug and alcohol counselling, psychodynamic counselling, and telephone counselling.