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p. 695. System-related explanationslocked

  • Leslie Holmes

Abstract

Explanations of corruption that focus just on the individual are incomplete; we are all subject to and conditioned by the context in which we live and work. ‘System-related explanations’ considers the structural or system-related factors, separating them into economic and political. The aspects of economic and political systems and their correlation with corruption levels discussed are: government interference in the economy; privatization; globalization; neo-liberalism; GDP per capita; and international economic factors. A 2012 study concluded that the relationship between corruption and government size is complex: an increase in government size often results in reduced corruption in a robust democracy, but will increase corruption levels in a country with little or no democracy.

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