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p. 1087. What else can be done?locked

  • Leslie Holmes


The state is only one of many actors with a role to play in controlling corruption. ‘What else can be done?’ considers the options for international organizations (IOs), the business sector, and civil society, before evaluating the overall effort at combating corruption. The work of the European Union, the Council of Europe, and the World Trade Organization is discussed along with the United Nations Convention Against Corruption and anti-corruption measures of the World Bank and transnational corporations. Although corruption will never disappear, it can be reduced to manageable levels when states have a robust democracy, a strong commitment to the rule of law, high levels of trust, and a well-developed civil society.

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