Was there a conflict sometime back in antiquity that gave rise to the legend of the Trojan War? The Introduction offers an overview of its place in history. The Greeks and Romans both believed that the Trojan War was a real event of major significance. Classical scholars doubted the existence of the war, until Heinrich Schliemann claimed in the 1870s to have located the site of Troy. The simplicity of the story and its accessible themes have made it popular throughout the centuries, but the investigation of its origin requires consideration of the evidence for a war and how the tale was formed.