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p. 715. Early excavators: Heinrich Schliemann and Wilhelm Dörpfeldlocked

  • Eric H. Cline

Abstract

‘Early excavators: Heinrich Schliemann and Wilhelm Dörpfeld’ considers the first archaeological excavations at Troy. Heinrich Schliemann, a self-made millionaire, conducted the first dig at Hisarlik, a site located by Frank Calvert, American vice-consul to Turkey. His dig identified numerous cities built on top of each other. Schliemann thought that it was Troy II that featured in Homer's epics, but later had to accept that it was ‘Troy VI’. Schliemann was rather untrustworthy, and probably also falsified the finding of ‘Priam's treasure’ which predated the Trojan War by 1000 years anyway. After Schliemann's death, Dörpfeld took over, excavating the fortifications which were untouched by Schliemann's previous excavations.

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