Show Summary Details
Page of

date: 24 July 2021

p. 454. Moneylocked

p. 454. Moneylocked

  • D. Kern Holoman


In the early nineteenth century, concert finances were simple: income from the season's tickets minus production costs equals income for the musicians. These primitive but workable conditions prevailed into the twentieth century. ‘Money’ looks at the financial side of the orchestra and how it has changed over the years. During the twentieth century, the financing of the orchestra became subject to European–American economic cycles. Over the long term, the most intractable business problem was the direct result of orchestral music's wild popularity: the star system. A few conductors, soloists, and managers began to command astronomical fees for single performances. Current monetary crises, not just in this industry, are presenting huge challenges for the survival of the orchestra in the future.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.