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p. 564. Ceremonies, festivals, and ritualslocked

  • Jacob J. Olupọna


Ceremonies, festivals, and rituals embody, enact, and reinforce the sacred values communicated in myths. ‘Ceremonies, festivals, and rituals’ explains that rituals occur on calendrical cycles. They often dictate when the community honors a particular divinity or observes particular taboos. Community rituals may include agricultural rituals designed to persuade the gods to deliver rains and successful harvests and to guarantee healthy livestock. Other rituals include rites of passage, which mark personal transitions; funeral rites; and marriage rituals. African traditional religions usually feature festivals honoring divinities or cultural heroes. Festivals renew the bonds between ancestors and their progeny, emphasize cyclical time, and keep track of the community's legacy and orientation by carrying forward its predecessors' memories.

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