‘Defining ethnomusicology’ considers what ethnomusicology is by breaking the term down to its linguistic origins and also asks: what is music? Musical ability, to an ethnomusicologist, refers to the capacity of humans to create, perform, organize cognitively, react both emotionally and physically to, and interpret the meaning of man-made sounds. To an ethnomusicologist, musical thinking and doing could be as important as speech. Music is part of what makes us human. Is music a product or a process? What kinds of music do ethnomusicologists study? Defining music and ethnomusicology is not a simple matter.