‘A bit of history’ charts the history of the study of ethnomusicology. The literate cultures of China and Greece generated philosophical treatises on music because they believed that music is an important cultural expression with significant cosmological, metaphysical, religious, social, and political implications. Modern ethnomusicological literature contains arguments that agree with the ancient Greeks about whether music helps to construct behavioral, cultural, and psychological patterns. They believe that preexisting social structures and cultural systems are determinants of musical style and practice. Today, interest in world music and in the discipline of ethnomusicology is as high as it has ever been.