‘Conducting research’ looks at where ethnomusicologists carry out their fieldwork. Ethnomusicologists differ from other music scholars in that they will select a community for an extended period of time to study and immerse themselves in it. Typically they will live in that community. They will participate in and observe and record musical activity there. This style of studying music comes from their belief that societies and their associated musical practices are embedded within one another. Ethnomusicology research consists of four main activities: interviews; participant-observation of musical events and community life; music and dance lessons; and audio and video recordings.