‘Ethnomusicologists at work’ concludes this VSI by looking at the impact of ethnomusicological studies on society. Ethnomusicologists work with people, so they have always been concerned with the ethical implications of their work and the responsibilities they have to those people. This means that the type of work they carry out, and where they should work, has always been a central issue in their thinking. Ethnomusicologists have long struggled to find institutional support because of their advocacy of a global perspective on music and their belief in the equal human value of music. This belief challenges the notion that music is defined by the aesthetic superiority of European art music or its commercial value.