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p. 686. Loyalty, maintenance, shift, loss, and revivallocked

  • John Edwards

Abstract

All languages and all dialects are bearers of identity; all can have a psychological and symbolic significance that accompanies their more obvious communicative value. ‘Loyalty, maintenance, shift, loss, and revival’ argues that maintenance and revival efforts are usually best understood as reflections of the wish to shore up an important constituent of group identity. Since a stand-alone monolingualism is increasingly less likely and less desired in small cultural contexts, treatments of these efforts are essentially discussions about the best arrangement of multilingual and multicultural adaptations, either within or across state borders.

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