‘The view from Cahokia’ describes a dynamic and diverse “prehistory” defined by peoples in motion, societies in flux, cultures entangling, powers competing, and realms shifting—all with important implications for the colonial trajectories that followed. Some 120 great earthen mounds at Cahokia in the Mississippi valley, spread across five square miles, had been built by ad 1100. Between ten and twenty thousand people lived in Cahokia at its peak in the twelfth century. Cahokians drew their subsistence from a combination of hunting, fishing, gathering, and the cultivation of maize, beans, and squash. The rise and fall of Cahokia is explained and the precolonial history of the migratory Indians described.